Children entering Phase Five will already be able to read and spell words with adjacent consonants, such as trap, string and flask. They will also be able to read and spell some polysyllabic words.
In this Phase, children are introduced to new graphemes for reading. Some of these graphemes represent phonemes (sounds) that they have already learnt a grapheme for. For example, in Phase 3 children were taught 'ai' as the grapheme for the phoneme /a/ (as in rain). In Phase 5, children are taught that the phoneme /a/ can also be represented by the graphemes 'ay' (as in play) or 'a-e' (as in make).
Alternative pronunciations for graphemes will also be introduced, e.g. ea in tea, head and break. The PowerPoints below will follow the Letters and Sounds daily Phonics lessons, continuing on from where we got up to in class. Our lessons follow a four part structure: Revisit & Review (Recall all GPC's from Phase 2,3,4 and 5), Teach, Practise and Apply.
During Phase 5, the following tricky words (which can't yet be decoded) are introduced: