In term 2, our main focus is developing our understanding of addition and subtraction. This involves looking at patterns between numbers, understanding our money system and learning more formal methods of calculation.
or further information about what children in year 2 and 3 should understand, please look at the Mathematics programmes of study from the National curriculum.
Base 10 will be used extensively so that children have a secure understanding of what is happening when we add or subtract numbers. They will be taught to use the correct mathematical language of "exchange" when they need to exchange between hundreds, tens and ones. This has built upon their understanding of partitioning numbers in different ways, for example that 51 is 5 tens and 1 one, but is also 4 tens and 11 ones etc.
Once children are secure with the relationship between 1, 10, 100 and 1000, they may also use place value counters to represent the numbers they are calculating with.
Formal column addition is introduced in year 3, whereas year 2s will be taught to draw the base 10 to ensure that they have a secure understanding of what is happening when we add and subtract, before moving onto more abstract methods.
In term 1, our main focus in maths is place value. A secure understanding of place value is essential for all other mathematical knowledge to build upon.
For further information about what children in year 2 and 3 should understand, please look at the Mathematics programmes of study from the National curriculum.
The children will use a variety of concrete resources to support their learning and prove their understanding. It is essential that all children are exposed to different representations of values, to truly appreciate what is meant when they are given a value written in digits.
These are some of the resources that your children will be using in their maths lessons:
Cuisenaire rods Numicon
Base 10 is a fantastic resource as it clearly shows the relationship between 1, 10, 100 and 1000.
Place value counters are very useful when making larger values, once a child is secure with the relationship between the values.
Tens frames show the importance in learning our number bonds and can show children ways to calculate with values, for example adding on to the next multiple of 10 before continuing.
Straw bundles are an easy resource to make and reinforces the idea that a ten is equal to 10 ones. Children can use them to count forwards and backwards in tens, as well as finding 10 more or 10 less than a number.
A beadstring can help model the number bonds to 100. It can be used very effectively to add a concrete resource alongside teaching children to use a number-line.